Yes, you can filter your files and attachments associated with records by simply choosing the appropriate filters.
You can filter your files/attachments by their Name, Created Date, Last Modified Date.
For Created Date and Last Modified Date, you can choose to have custom date inputs or some pre-selected options like "Last Week" "This Week" etc.
Steps: Goto Mass File Download tab:
- Choose an object.
- Choose a list view or search your record having files.
- Below that, you will see "Filter For Related Files and Attachments".
- Select appropriate Filters for the files/Attachments and hit the Search button.